Canada Express Entry Program was launched in January 2015 by Citizenship and Immigration Canada for skilled labor to come and join the Canadian workforce. To understand it better, one must know that the invitations are open throughout the year.
According to the new system introduced by IRCC, the whole process will now be electronic and all the PR applications will be managed online. It has been named the Canada Express Entry System. Presently, the immigration programs under IRCC are – The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), The Federal Skilled Trades Program, The Canadian Experience Class and the Provincial Nominee Program.
There is no restriction placed on the number of people who can apply through this program. Applicants with experience under the Skill Type 0 : management jobs, Skill Level A: professional jobs and Skill Level B: technical jobs and skilled trades can create their profile in the pool. This will allow the Federal and Provincial governments of the country to choose the eligible applicants.
The Canadian employers and provinces will further choose from the pool, to find those candidates who can fill positions that are vacant. To be placed in the pool, an applicant must submit an Expression of Interest under any one of the programs. Following this, the highest ranking applicants will be sent an Invitation to Apply [ITA] under any of the above mentioned Canadian Economic Programs.
Once an ITA is received, a candidate must submit a PR application that is fully completed. Such applications will take 6 months or less to be processed. The Canadian Express Entry requires an applicant to be eligible in terms of age, English language proficiency, work experience (in and outside Canada) and educational qualification.
Australia is committed to build Australia’s future through the well-managed movement of people. Their diverse portfolio includes managing migration and citizenship policy and programs. DIBP wants to keep Australia secure through border management and facilitate travellers crossing the border and make reasonable decisions for people entering or leaving the country, ensuring compliance with Australia’s Immigration laws and integrity in decision-making.
Skilled Migrants:- DIBP invites skilled migrants to lodge visa through skillselect. SkillSelect helps address regional skill shortages. SkillSelect allows intending migrants to indicate if they are willing to live and work in regional Australia. This is of particular benefit to employers experiencing regional skill shortages and state and territory governments attempting to settle migrants in regional Australia.
The application process is categorized into 3 to 4 stages depending on the applicant’s nominated skill:
- Skills Assessment Stage
- Expression of interest
- State sponsorship (if applicable)
- Visa application
Depending on what type of visa(s) applicants are interested in, they may receive an invitation to lodge a visa application subject to the occupational ceiling or an Australian employer may contact them to discuss employment and sponsorship opportunities.
Partner Visas:- AUS citizens and PR holders can sponsor partners to migrate to Australia. To sponsor a partner, applicant must either be married, in a defacto relationship, have a registered relationship or be engaged.
Child Visa:- Australian citizens and PR holders can sponsor their children for migration to Australia
Parent Visas:- AUS citizens and PR holders can sponsor parents to migrate to Australia. Parents with at least half their children living permanently in Australia may be eligible for a parent visa which gives them permanent residence in Australia. Parents over a certain age may be eligible to apply for an onshore ‘aged parent’ visa which allows them to remain in Australia on a bridging visa during processing.
International Students:- If you are an international student and wish to stay on in Australia after your studies, there are a range of temporary and permanent visa options.
Business Migration:- If you wish to start a business or invest in Australia, you can obtain a visa to facilitate this and you may then qualify for permanent residence once your business interests have been established in Australia.
New Zealand has a modern, prosperous and developed market economy. New Zealand was ranked 5th in the “most developed” country according to the United Nations Development Programme. New Zealand is heavily dependent on international trade.
New Zealand is a predominantly urban country, with 72 percent of the population living in 16 main urban areas and 53 percent living in the four largest cities of Wellington (capital city), Auckland, Christchurch, and Hamilton. New Zealand cities generally rank highly on international livability measures.
SKILLED MIGRANT CATEGORY RESIDENCE VISA:
- Skilled migrant category visa is the residence visa granted for skilled professionals with intent to settle permanently in New Zealand.
- To apply under the Skilled Migrant Category New Zealand, you must meet the basic requirements.
- You need to be aged 55 or under.
- You also have to meet the NZ standards of health, character, and English language proficiency before you start the process.
RESIDENT VISAS AND JOB SEARCH VISAS:
If they feel that the applicant has the ability to settle in NZ successfully contributes to New Zealand, and they will offer you a resident visa.
If they feel you have the potential but want to see how you settle, they can give you a job search visa, based on which you can use to help obtain an offer of skilled employment in New Zealand for up to nine months. If you obtain skilled employment in this time you will have shown your ability to settle and contribute, and your residence application will be approved by the department. The applicants who meet the requirements of skilled employment or Job offer or studies from New Zealand will be considered as meeting the ability to settle in NZ successfully, all other applications will be assessed to check if they meet the ability to settle and can be decided accordingly whether to grant a residence visa or job search visa.
The SMC Job Search visa is an opportunity to seek skilled employment in New Zealand. It is not a guarantee of work, a job offer, or of residence. Immigration New Zealand advises against the sale of assets, the termination of children’s schooling, and the shipping of household items to New Zealand until an applicant’s residence status is fully approved. You must also carry enough funds while traveling to New Zealand towards your stay and other expenses if you were granted a Job search visa.
Residence visa granted will allow you work and settle in NZ for at least 24 months and travel indefinitely. After completing 24 months you will be eligible to apply for a Permanent resident visa considering you were a resident for a total of 184 days or more in each of the two 12-month portions of the 24 months immediately preceding the permanent resident visa application. You do not have to provide any extra evidence, other than your passport(s).
Citizenship: You need to have, lived in legally in New Zealand for five years (formerly three years) before applying for citizenship, depending on when you were granted residence
BENEFITS FOR NZ PERMANENT RESIDENTS:
- Unrestricted rights to live, work and study in New Zealand.
- Right to apply for New Zealand citizenship after fulfilling normal residence requirements.
- Domestic fees for education.
- Right to sponsor relatives for permanent residence, subject to fulfilling residence criteria and assurance of support requirements.
- Children born in New Zealand will be New Zealand citizens by birth.
- Right to access medical and social security benefit.